In the context of the new normal of China's economy, the growth of corporate profits has slowed down, and the sensitivity to costs has also increased. The 2015 Central Economic Work Conference pointed out that in order to help companies reduce costs, one of the most important ones is to reduce electricity prices, promote market-oriented reforms of electricity prices, and improve the coal-electricity price linkage mechanism. In the past year, how has the electricity price reform work progressed? Let's sort it out.
Reduce the cost of the real economy, the benefits benefit you, me and others
Electricity price reform This year, the National Development and Reform Commission took the lead in "cost reduction", promoted electricity price reform, lowered the cost of real economy enterprises, and reduced corporate electricity expenses by more than 100 billion yuan a year. Where do these reduced electricity bills come from?
(1) Transmission and distribution price reform
The transmission and distribution price reform is the core content of the power system reform, and it is also a difficult “hard bone”. In accordance with the overall idea of "controlling the middle and liberalizing the two ends", the electricity price reform separates the transmission and distribution price and the sale price in the formation mechanism, separately approves the transmission and distribution price, and realizes that the sale price outside the public welfare is formed by the market step by step.
Accelerate the advancement to achieve full coverage
In March 2016, on the basis of the pilot reform of the power transmission and distribution price of the Shenzhen and West Inner Mongolia power grids, the National Development and Reform Commission issued a document to approve the allowable income and transmission and distribution price levels of the power grids of Anhui, Hubei, Ningxia, Yunnan, and Guizhou. Through strict cost supervision and review, the proportion of unrelated assets and unreasonable costs of the transmission and distribution business has been reduced by 16.3%, and the annual price reduction space is 6.8 billion yuan, all of which will be used to lower the electricity price of end users, thereby reducing the electricity cost of the enterprise. .
In September 2016, the transmission and distribution price reform for the remaining 14 provincial-level power grids was initiated, and the full coverage of the provincial-level power grids was basically achieved one year in advance.
Published "Provincial Grid Transmission and Distribution Price Pricing Measures"
The National Development and Reform Commission issued the "Provincial Grid Transmission and Distribution Price Pricing Measures", which clarified the principles and methods for setting provincial grid transmission and distribution prices in accordance with the principle of "allowed costs plus reasonable benefits", and established incentive and restraint mechanisms for grid companies to form a scientific , Standard and transparent power transmission and distribution price supervision system.
According to the "Measures", the National Development and Reform Commission is guiding the price authorities of pilot provinces to calculate the transmission and distribution prices of 12 provincial power grids. It is expected to further reduce the transmission and distribution prices and significantly reduce the electricity expenditures of enterprises.
(2) Implementation of coal-electricity price linkage mechanism
At the end of 2015, the National Development and Reform Commission, in accordance with the principles of openness, transparency and coordinated development, improved the linkage mechanism for coal and electricity prices, and clearly implemented an inter-range linkage mechanism for coal and electricity prices to adapt to changes in the coal power market and promote the health of the coal power industry. Coordinated development.
Coal and power companies generally believe that the improved mechanism design is scientific and reasonable, which is conducive to the open and transparent implementation of linkages, promotes the coordinated development of the two basic industries of coal and power, and reduces the impact of violent fluctuations in the price of thermal coal on downstream power users.
In January 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission lowered the on-grid electricity price of coal-fired units by 3 cents per kilowatt-hour according to the extent of the coal price decline, and cut the general industrial and commercial sales electricity prices by the same amount, which can reduce corporate electricity expenditures by about 22.5 billion yuan each year.
(3) Improve the implementation of basic electricity prices
At the end of June 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission issued the "Notice on Improving the Basic Electricity Price Implementation Method for Two-Part Electricity Price Users" (Fagaiban Price  No. 1583), changing the basic electricity price billing method change cycle from annual adjustments to Seasonal adjustment, if the electricity user chooses to charge the basic electricity fee according to the demand, the change cycle of the approved value of the demand will be adjusted from the current half-year adjustment to the monthly adjustment, and the electricity user can also choose the most advantageous billing method according to the actual needs of the enterprise .
Preliminary calculations show that improving the implementation of basic electricity prices can reduce the burden of basic electricity bills for large industrial users and reduce the operating costs of the real economy. The annual basic electricity bills of electricity users will be reduced by about 15 billion yuan.